Aug 6, 2017

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Symptoms of Shock

Symptoms of Shock

The word “shock” used by the medical community and the general public has a different meaning. The connotation by society is a strong emotional reaction to stressful situations or bad news whereas the medical definition for shock is much different. Medically, the shock is defined as a situation in which the tissues in our body do not get sufficient oxygen and nutrients to enable the cells to function. Shock ultimately leads to cell death, advanced organ failure, and finally, if left untreated, whole body failure and death.

Shock is defined as an abnormal metabolism at the cellular level. Because it is not easy to directly measure cellular problems, measurement of indirect shock symptoms of cellular function. Shock is the final stage of all illness, and symptoms will often depend on the underlying cause.

As the patient passes through the various stages of shock, the vital signs also change. In the early scenes, the body tries to balancing by transferring fluid inside the cell to the bloodstream by attempting to keep blood pressure within the normal range. However, there may be an increase in heart rate. As an example: when donating blood. One unit of blood (or about 10% of the blood volume) is taken, but the body compensates well, in addition to a slight floating head sensation, which can be easily overcome by drinking fluids. Another example is to exercise and forget to drink enough fluids.

When the body loses the power to balance, the respiratory rate becomes faster and tachycardia increases as the body try to pack the oxygen to the remaining red blood cells available and deliver the oxygen to the cell. Unfortunately, blood pressure begins to drop (hypotension, hypo = low, tension = pressure) as a failed compensation mechanism.

Cells do not receive enough oxygen and organs begin to fail. All organs may be affected.

– When the brain is affected, the patient may confuse or lose consciousness (coma).
– There may be chest pain because the heart itself does not get enough oxygen supply.
– Diarrhea may occur because the large intestine becomes disrupted due to hypotension.
– The kidneys may fail and the body can stop producing urine.
– The skin becomes damp and pale.

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