Aug 7, 2018

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Untreated Depression Can Cause Permanent Brain Damage

Untreated Depression Can Cause Permanent Brain Damage

Until recently, many experts and neurologists have claimed that chronic depression is caused by a change in the brain. But now it is proven that brain damage does not cause depression, but the opposite is true: chronic depression actually causes brain damage. Keep reads these tips about health and wellness to help you understand depression.

Common symptoms of depression include mood swings, which are also accompanied by barriers to cognitive function – difficulty remembering, difficulty making decisions, planning, setting priorities, and taking action.

Depression is considered a stress-related chronic disease. Chronic depression sufferers are known to often have smaller hippocampus size than healthy people. The hippocampus is an area of ??the brain that has an important role in the formation of new memory by processing memories for long-term storage.

Now a study published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry has provided strong evidence that recurrent chronic depression does shrink the hippocampus, causing loss of emotional and behavioral functions. So, someone who is depressed still has difficulty remembering and concentrating even after recovering from his illness. Nearly around 20 percent of chronically depressed patients can never recover fully.

Depression increases cortisol production in the brain. Cortisol is a stress hormone that is toxic to cells in the hippocampus. Over-exposure to long-term cortisol is suspected to cause shrinkage of the size of the hippocampus, which eventually causes memory problems or difficulty remembering.

But when the hippocampus shrinks, this is not just a difficulty remembering Facebook passwords. You also change all kinds of other behaviors related to your memory. Therefore, shrinkage of the hippocampus is also associated with loss of normal daily function.

This is because the hippocampus is also connected to many areas of the brain that regulate how we feel and respond to stress. The hippocampus is connected to the amygdala which controls our experience of fear. In people with chronic depression, the amygdala is enlarged and more active as a result of long-term exposure to excess cortisol.

An enlarged and hyperactive amygdala, combined with other abnormal activities in the brain, can cause sleep disturbances and activity patterns. This also causes the body to release a number of hormones and other chemicals, and cause other depression complications.

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